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The plant of Bougainvillea, native to tropical areas (especially to Brazil), was discovered in 1768 by the French explorer Louis Antoine, Earl of Bougainville (Paris 11 November 1729 – Paris 31 August 1811). It belongs to the order of the Caryophillales, family of Nyctaginaceae; the diffusion of this plant is due to its use as an ornamental plant. Its flowers are gathered in little and tubulous bunches, white or yellowish and joined in groups by three in an involucre of three bracts, fleshly coloured with white, yellow, orange, pink, red or purple, that flower for many months in a year.

The plants of Bougainvillea grow vigorously; they are very resistant to the drought and, moreover, easy to cultivate. They can be potted and cultivated indoor, pruning them in the form of sapling or bush, in a sunny position, protected from the cold winter winds. Their branches are thorny with oval leaves not particularly decorative. The bracts appear in spring/summer period lasting some months. In order to flower, they need bright light and the direct sun during the vegetative period at least four hours each day.

The Bougainvillea must be watered freely during the hot months and every 10-15 days we have to supply a good liquid fertilizer. In the north Italy, it is better to reduce the summer irrigation in order to stimulate its flowering.

The potted plants need hot and sunny places for a good flowering, regular watering and fertilizations.

Sampling of Bougainvillea

Bush of Bougainvillea

Bougainvillea on espalier